Osteoarthritis is a condition characterized by wear and tear in the cartilage present in our joints. This condition is known to make our joints weak while making them prone to getting injured easily. In severe cases, osteoarthritis may arise the need for joint replacement surgery for the treatment. This is because osteoarthritis is a painful condition and in severe cases, the pain becomes intense and persistent. So, it might not respond to conventional treatment methods and hence, surgery might be required for the treatment.
Depending upon the location of the surgery, Hip Replacement Implants or Knee Arthroscopy Implants might be required.
It is often noticed that the maximum cases reported of osteoarthritis are in women than men. And this will be the topic of discussion for us in the post. Here, we will see why women are more prone to developing osteoarthritis.
Why Women Are More Prone to Osteoarthritis?
According to the reports, women aged, between 50 and 60 years are more likely to develop osteoarthritis than men, and there have to be some reasons behind that. Let us see what the reasons could be behind this.
Changes in the Hormone Levels
It is reported that frequent and significant changes in hormone levels may be the reason for the development of osteoarthritis in women.
Menstruation is one of the reasons for frequent fluctuations in hormone levels. During certain stages of the menstruation cycle, the hormone levels increase significantly and this may increase joint laxity. Now, joint laxity is associated with joint instability and injury.
The risk of osteoarthritis in women also increases with menopause. During menopause, estrogen levels drop significantly and women may experience joint pain. Those who were already experiencing pain might notice intense pain. This drop in hormone levels during menopause could accelerate the osteoarthritis process.
The Difference in the Musculoskeletal System
Women tend to have a smaller skeleton and the bone mineral density is also on the lower side when compared to men. This also plays a vital role in increasing the chances of osteoarthritis in women. Several studies have shown that due to certain anatomical differences in men and women, knee joints in women tend to experience more wear & tear thus, the chances of osteoarthritis are on the higher side.
Obesity is the major cause of osteoarthritis in women. It is found that women tend to carry excess weight more than men and this puts undue stress on the muscles and load-bearing joints in the body. This puts women at more risk of developing osteoarthritis.
Obesity is also known to be associated with low-grade systemic inflammation and this may also contribute to osteoarthritis development in both weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing joints.
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