Hemorrhoids refer to swollen veins around the anus and lower rectum. Research shows that 50% of adult hemorrhoids symptoms occur by age 50. There are two types of hemorrhoids: internal and external. Both internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids occur within the anus, or rectum.
Piles are a common name for external hemorrhoids. Adults also have the most common type of hemorrhoid, which is external hemorrhoids. It can cause severe pain, swelling, and itching. You may also have difficulty sitting. All hemorrhoids can be treated and are not life-threatening.
What causes hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are most common when there is too much pressure on the veins surrounding the anus. You can also consider:
- Stabilizing while you pass stools
- Constipation is a chronic condition.
- History of hemorrhoids in the family
- Long periods of sitting on the toilet.
Here are some common symptoms of hemorrhoids
Although hemorrhoids can be very painful and uncomfortable, they are not dangerous. They may disappear without treatment.
- Extreme itching at the anus and lower parts of the rectum
- Pain and irritation around the anus or lower rectum
- A painful, itchy lump or swelling around the anus or lower rectum
- Potential fecal leakage
- Bowel movements can be uncomfortable and painful.
- After a bowel movement, bleeding anus (or blood on the tissue) can occur.
Is it possible to pass hemorrhoids from parents to children?
Hemorrhoids can be genetically passed from parent to child. If your parents have hemorrhoids, there is a high chance you will develop them.
Hemorrhoids can be caused by heavy lifting, obesity, and other bodily strains. Hemorrhoids can also be caused by anal sexual intercourse. Hemorrhoids are common in pregnant women.
A visual examination will usually be sufficient to diagnose hemorrhoids. Your doctor or GP may do a different examination. This is called a digital rectal examination. You may be asked by your doctor to order additional tests such as sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy.
How to Prevent Hemorrhoids
It is possible to prevent hemorrhoids. Avoid straining while passing a stool. It is also important to increase your water intake.
Drinking enough water will keep your stool from hardening. You should use the bathroom immediately if you have to pass a stool. This will prevent your stool from hardening. Regular exercise can prevent constipation. Avoid prolonged sitting on hard or cold surfaces.
High levels of dietary fibre can be very beneficial for your health and prevent you from developing hemorrhoids. Whole wheat, bran, brown rice and oatmeal are all good sources of dietary fibre.