There are many financial crimes that can damage our economy and financial health.
Due to the risk of financial and economic downfall with these crimes, there are regulations and standards in place throughout the majority of the world.
One of the many things done to prevent financial crimes is identifying the ultimate beneficial owner and beneficial owner.
There is more to be done to prevent financial crimes.
First, we must know what the crimes are, how they affect us, and all the ways we can prevent them. Then we must take action by doing our due diligence.
What are some major financial crimes?
The most common types of financial crime include:
- Fraud — an effort to acquire money by lying. This can include creating false account statements
- Money laundering — the process of taking money that has been illegally gained and trying to “clean” it by saying it was acquired through legal channels
- Tax evasion
- And terrorism financing
Others include identity theft and embezzlement. There are a lot more ways to commit a financial crime, but those are the main ones we see frequently.
The crimes that create the biggest threat are fraud, money laundering, and terrorist financing.
How do these crimes affect the economy?
There is a scale in place to determine the severity of the financial crimes committed, it tells the projected risks they may present.
Many financial crimes involve an elaborate plan, filled with many financial crimes strung together to complete the end goal. Oftentimes, an innocent party will become involved as a cover or fall guy.
If these crimes are not caught before the criminals can get too far in their plan, whole economies can begin to see the effect with a decrease in funds available and possible crashes to the economy.
Some financial crimes can also lead to violence and innocent people getting caught in the middle — like terrorism funding, identity theft, and drug trafficking.
What can we do to prevent it?
Through the efforts of a few countries worldwide, including America, there have been some regulations and standards set in place to detect and prevent financial crimes.
The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), has developed the Anti-money laundering (AML) and Counter-terrorism Funding (CTF) standards.
The use of AML and CTF tells us to Know Your Customer and Business by finding the beneficial owner and ultimate beneficial owner — the true people who benefit from the transaction.
These standards and regulations are mostly set in place for banks and financial institutes, but can be used by any business that deals in the transfer of funds.
There are many financial crimes that can affect the economy worldwide.
Among these crimes are money laundering and fraud, plus more dangerous crimes like drug trafficking and terrorist funding.
Through doing due diligence with the regulations, standards, and checks set out by the FinCEN and listed in the AML and CTF standards, we can prevent and hopefully end these crimes.
The standards require finding the ultimate beneficial owner and beneficial owner.
If we work together on a global level, we can stop the destruction that financial crimes can leave behind.