When the lights go out, the right emergency lights step up as your safety superheroes. Ever wondered about the glow-in-the-dark heroes that guide you during power cuts or sudden evacuations? That’s our cue to explore! This journey isn’t about complicated jargon; it’s your ticket to understanding the basics of emergency lights. From finding the perfect glow for your exit signs to discovering the magic behind backup lighting, we’re here to make it easy. So, buckle up for a trip into the world of bright decisions, where your choices light up the path to safety, no matter what surprises the day may hold. Ready to make your space a beacon of preparedness? Let’s shine a light on selecting the right emergency lights for any situation!
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Table of Contents
Classification of emergency lighting by application
We can classify emergency lighting based on its intended application.
Evacuation lighting is designed to guide building occupants to a designated escape route. Most emergency lighting includes directional signs in hallways and central areas indicating escape routes and emergency exit signs above doors.
Emergency lighting is the opposite of emergency lighting and is designed to ensure the normal operation of the building. Hospitals need backup lighting so that medical staff can continue their work without interruption.
Open area and signage
Outdoor area lighting is intended to offer enough illumination to keep individuals from accidently bumping into each other or furnishings.
For spaces greater than 60 square metres, most rules recommend employing open lighting. This style of illumination is required to avoid panic and to assist mobility.
Illuminated signs may also be used in buildings to remind residents of general safety requirements. Some buildings even feature illuminating floor maps to help you find your way around.
Coverage of high-risk tasks
High-risk work lighting is intended to provide workers with an acceptable amount of emergency illumination so that they may complete shutdown procedures before departing.
To assist workers to do their activities quickly and easily, work lighting should be brighter than general outdoor emergency lighting.
Chemical research facilities, heavy engineering plants, power plants, and other high-risk regions are examples. To avert a worse calamity, these locations must be properly closed before evacuation.
Emergency lighting installation locations
So far, we have discussed the types of emergency lighting system. But now let’s move on to the practical side of things.
Although emergency lighting should cover as much of the floor as possible, certain locations are considered higher priority. Below is a short list of the most important emergency lighting locations.
Stairs can be quite dangerous, as simply sliding down can cause serious injury to a person, as well as endanger other people in the building.
2. Gender change points
Floor change points refer to any significant increase or decrease in floor height. Common examples include stairs, ramps, elevators, and slopes.
3. Direction change points
Twists and turns can often result in people accidentally bumping into each other. For safety and navigation purposes, emergency lights should be installed in key change-of-direction areas.
4. Corridor intersections
Intersections can be especially dangerous, as panicked passengers often run through them unattended.
5. Near firefighting equipment
We must treat fire safety with great respect. You should have firefighting equipment conveniently placed at strategic points in the building, covered by appropriate emergency lighting fixtures.
6.. Near the first aid station (box)
Emergency situations can quickly lead to accidents. Like fire safety equipment, first aid kits should be conveniently located and properly illuminated by emergency lighting.
7. Near two-way communication systems
The value of communication in an emergency cannot be overstated. This facilitates communication between residents and building/office administrators, as well as the identification of missing/lost individuals.
Telephones and intercoms are important two-way communication equipment that must be appropriately lighted.
8. Facilities for disabled people
The lack of emergency lighting will have the greatest impact on people with disabilities. We must provide adequate emergency lighting for bathrooms used by people with disabilities and escape facilities provided for them.
9. Near the exit doors
Without proper emergency signs, people can easily miss the exit point. Therefore, all emergency lighting systems should have well-lit and well-placed signage near emergency exits.
10. Outside the exit door of the building
Occupants are no longer in danger after they exit the building and relocate to an open and safe place. As a result, emergency lights should be installed outside the building near exits. This allows individuals to continue moving to safer areas.
To provide the highest degree of public safety during crises, emergency lighting designers must consider all of these and more. Other illumination settings include emergency signs, dangerous equipment, restricted passageways, and so on.
Emergency lighting project
Designing emergency lighting is a difficult task. Practises that are appropriate in one location will be incompatible in another. You cannot replicate someone else’s lighting design since the functioning of their facility and yours will be very different.
Many nations have health and safety inspection procedures that can assist you with the design of your emergency lights. Alternatively, you might employ an emergency lighting professional to manage the project as a designer.
For those of you who like to do things themselves. To get started, refer to the following emergency lighting design guidance.
Minimum light levels (brightness)
Minimum brightness levels ensure that building occupants can easily vacate the building in the event of a power outage. The brightness level of an area is measured in lux. The level of illumination in lux decreases as you move away from it.
Emergency lighting is an essential component of modern building design. Everything from natural disasters to unexpected power outages can lead to panic. Emergency evacuation lighting reassures passengers and provides safe passage to the emergency exit door. Countries around the world view emergency and emergency lighting systems as a critical piece of infrastructure. Consequently, strict laws have been enacted to ensure that building owners implement best lighting practices in their hotels, shopping malls, apartments, etc.